Understanding the rudiments of research is knowing what research itself means. According to Clarke and Clarke, “Research is a careful, systematic and objective investigation conducted to obtain valid facts, draw conclusions and established principles regarding an identifiable problem in some field of knowledge”.

Research can be qualitative or quantitative. Quantitative research deals with numbers and data collection that gives results in numbers. These numbers are used to draw inferences. While qualitative research, on the other hand, deals with non-numeric data. Observation, interviews and discussions are used to draw inferences here. Most science-related research use the quantitative method.

The first thing to do before conducting a research is to pick a topic. You should have a topic or subject of research, perhaps something you want to know more about. Ensure to choose a topic based on your interest.

Getting professional guidance when it comes to research is one thing you should not overlook. If you are a student, talk to your supervisor or lecturer to know his or her stance on the topic and advice on how to go about it. Bear it in mind that they’ve gone through the phase you’re in.

Hunting for sources relating to your topic for your research work may not be interesting. However, journals, books, library catalogue and other documents will be of great help. The internet will be of great help if you use it right by searching for keywords in your topic.

It is important to take note that your research work must have a statement of problem; that is, the problem to be solved, how it would be solved and why it should be solved. It should be clear and brief.

A good outline gives you a topnotch research work. It is a requisite for any research paper. You should have a spontaneous flow of points and review previous work done that are related to your topic to get insight. Your research outline should look like this:

Title page

Abstract – This is a summary of your work.

Introduction – In here, you introduce your topic, give the statement of problem, gap of research, research objectives and questions.

Literature review – It may contain a conceptual review, theoretical review and empirical review.

Methodology – Steps on how and what will be used to solve the problem.

Findings/ result




Appendix (if any)

You should use the recommended referencing format for your institution or the journal where your work will be published in.

Please ensure to involve an experienced person who you can be accountable to


Written by Olamide Omogbehin


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